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Issue 2
March 2010
New ISWA Documents Published
News from around the Globe
Coming Events
The ISWA General Secretariat is proudly hosted by the City of Vienna, Austria
If you have any interesting news or events from your country, it would be appreciated if you could please forward details by email to  While it may not be possible to include every story, all submissions will be gratefully received.
1. News from the President

Dear Friends, Colleagues and ISWA Members,

It is with great pleasure that I write to you all to deliver good news related to our Association. In 2010 we will celebrate ISWA's 40th anniversary. This anniversary will find a consolidated Association with members all over the world.

Also in 2010, our agreement with the City of Vienna commenced, based on the relocation of our headquarters to this beautiful city and in addition to other important advantages, this allows us to receive a grant from our hosts of  350,000 Euros per year for 10 years. In January 2010 we took possession of our new offices and they are now fully operational.

The General Secretariat is well prepared to help our members and Working Groups in their activities. Our relationship with our Regional Development Networks will be strengthened because we believe they are the best messengers for the dissemination of ISWA knowledge and activities and the bridge to understanding the demands of developing countries.

We will be pleased to hear your suggestions, your ideas and your critics.

Finally, let me say to all of you "Welcome to a new ISWA".

Best regards,

Atilio Savino
ISWA President

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2. New ISWA office open


The new ISWA permanent office in Vienna is now open. Please find the new contact details below:

International Solid Waste Association
General Secretariat
Auerspergstrasse 15, Top 41
1080 - Vienna, Austria

Telephone: +43 1 253 6001
Fax: +43 1 253 600 199

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3. ISWA PROFILE: Derek Greedy
Name Derek Greedy
Company Warwickshire County Council
Home Country
Role within ISWA
Chair of the Landfill Working Group
I am a Chartered Chemist and a Chartered Waste Manager. Started in the waste management industry in 1975 and have worked both in the public and private sectors. Much of my career has been at the disposal end of the hierarchy and particularly landfill, but am now involved in infrastructure provision and waste planning.
Why did you decide to become part of ISWA?
My interest in ISWA began when I substituted for Mike Philpott at a Sanitary Landfill (as it was called then) Working Group meeting during the ISWA Congress at Torbay, UK. It was then that I realised that there was a bigger challenge than just waste management here in the UK and Europe, and that it would give me the opportunity to influence this through knowledge transfer and training.
When did you commence your current position in ISWA?
I became a member of ISWA in 1996 and was appointed by CIWM, the UK National Member, to be the representative on the Landfill Working Group. I served for a period as Vice Chair, becoming Chair some 2 years ago.
What do you think is the biggest challenge facing the waste industry today?
To provide the necessary infrastructure to manage waste in an environmentally acceptable way, be it through the development of sanitary landfills or treatment alternatives.
In your opinion, what are the industry's strengths and weaknesses?
The waste industry's strength is the people working within it, and its weakness is the sharing of knowledge and experiences.
What do you think the future holds for the waste industry?
The future for the industry must be bright particularly as economies develop and we find the need to manage waste materials as a resource. Resources are finite and we need to ensure that we manage what we have in such a way that we do not burden future generations
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4. ISWA White Paper on Waste and Climate Change

ISWA's Task Force on Greenhouse Gases (GHG) has prepared an extensive report setting forth the technologies and mechanisms which can transform the waste sector into a net global reducer of GHG emissions, and making the necessary commitments to assist this change.

The report is the result of continuous work from the ISWA Task Force on GHG and aims at presenting sustainable waste management as an easy and effective way to mitigate GHG emissions not only in developed countries but also in developing economies.

Click here to download the ISWA White Paper on GHG.

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5. ISWA Landfill Operational Guidelines - 2nd Edition released
The Landfill Operational Guidelines (OGs) was first produced in 2002 to assist waste managers with daily operations of landfills. At that time the OGs were prepared to provide general guidance for improving operational practices and were not intended to be a technical document.

This second edition keeps that same purpose and has been updated to reflect current operational practices that are now more commonly used. This document has been prepared by the ISWA Working Group on Landfill.

Click here to access the document download link.

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6. First ISWA International Waste Manager - Technical Status Awarded

ISWA is pleased to announce that Mr. Timothy Paul Byrne from the UK is the first candidate to be awarded "International Waste Manager - Technical Status".

ISWA's programme on professional qualifications has extended its categories this year to include "International Waste Manager - Technical Status". This change was made to respond to a demand from waste managers who may not be academically qualified but that have a wealth of experience and knowledge. In order to move up to a higher status the applicant will have to demonstrate continuous professional development and undertake a full interview.

For information about ISWA's certification programme, please click here.

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7. Report on Waste Transfer Stations in Various Regions

This report was written and edited by Gernot Kreindl with the support of the ISWA Working Group on Collection and Transportation Technology. The aim of the report is to provide waste management professionals with an overview of the present situation of waste transfer stations in different, mainly European regions. General aspects about the management of transfer stations is included, as well as more detailed information

Click here to access the document download link.

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8. Report on Littering and Street Cleansing in European Cities and Towns

This report was prepared by Michael Pieber in cooperation with the ISWA Working Group on Collection and Transport Technology. The report covers the systems used by cities and towns in Europe for public street cleansing and avoiding littering.

Click here to access the document download link.

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9. CANADA: Winter Olympics medals made partly from e-waste

Teck Resources Limited and the Royal Canadian Mint have collaborated to ensure the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic medals contain metals recovered from the circuit boards of end-of-life electronics (e-waste) otherwise destined for landfill.

The content of recovered materials in the Vancouver 2010 gold medals is 1.52 percent gold; silver medals contain 0.122 percent recovered silver; and the copper medals contain 1.11 percent recovered copper.

For more information please click here.


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10. SPAIN: Waste Could Generate Up to 7 Percent of Electricity

Researchers from the University of Zaragoza (UNIZAR) have calculated the energy and economic potential of urban solid waste, sludge from water treatment plants and livestock slurry for generating electricity in Spain. These residues are alternative sources of renewable energy, which are more environmentally friendly and, in the case of solid urban waste, more cost effective.

The study, published in the latest issue of the journal Renewable Energy, has shown that waste in Spain could generate between 8.13 and 20.95 TWh (terawatt hours). "This electricity generation was 7.2% of electricity demand in 2008," says says Norberto Fueyo, lead author of the study and a researcher at the Fluid Mechanics Group of the UNIZAR.

The researchers stress that the amount of methane generated from different kinds of residues is equivalent to 7.6% of gas consumption in 2008.

In terms of the economic cost, "solid urban waste is the most cost-effective," according to the researcher, because local authorities carry out the waste collection and local inhabitants pay for it. Since the waste is transported to large landfill sites or waste treatment plants, installing electricity generation systems "could take advantage of economies of scale due to the large volumes involved."

Source: ScienceDaily
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology. "Waste Could Generate Up to 7 Percent of Electricity in Spain." ScienceDaily 23 February 2010. 24 February 2010­ /releases/2010/02/100223100706.htm.

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11. EUROPE: How to increase the mechanical recycling of post-consumer plastics

The European Plastics Recyclers Association (EuPR) has published a paper offering an analysis of the plastics industry profile, paying special attention to plastics recycling. The paper also provides an overview of the current post-consumer plastics recovery process, underlining the benefits of mechanical recycling.

EuPR gives a recommendation of ten fundamental actions to increase the recycling of post-consumer plastics waste.

Copies of the EuPR paper How to increase the mechanical recycling of post-consumer plastics can be downloaded from the Association's website

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12. CHINA: Beijing to classify landfill areas

Based on a recent geological survey jointly released by Beijing Municipal Government and the Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing will classify its landfill areas and divide it into three kinds - no landfill area, area with restricted landfill, and area suitable for landfill.

China CSR reports that the survey, which is named "Multi-parameter and Three Dimensional Geographical Survey of Beijing", states there are 490 domestic waste fields in the plain around Beijing, of which 125 pose high pollution risks, 160 pose medium pollution risks, and 205 low pollution risks. These have a total area of 10.773 million square meters.

The survey also shows that there are 468 places vulnerable to geological disasters in Beijing. It also says that the total quantity of underground water extracted from the plain around Beijing should be no more than 2.1 billion m3 per year.

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13. WORLD: Hazardous E-Waste Surging in Developing Countries
A recently released United Nations report says that environmental and health hazards from electronic waste are high in developing countries. The report also said this would pose a high risk unless recycling methods were adopted.

"Managing this waste has become not just important, it has become absolutely urgent," UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner said at a news conference. The report said that some 40 million tons of electronic waste called as e-waste was produced worldwide on an annual basis.

Some of the hazardous chemicals in e-waste include lead, cadmium, mercury, chromium and polybrominated biphenyls, which have been linked to brain and nervous system issues. The report has predicted that e-waste may jump by 500 percent in India in the coming years.

"India, Brazil, Mexico and others may also face rising environmental damage and health problems if e-waste recycling is left to the vagaries of the informal sector," Steiner said.

The report called for framing proper national recycling policies to handle e-waste.

Source: Medindia

Click here to download the full UNEP report

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14. UK: Long-awaited standard for digestate published

Operators of anaerobic digestion facilities can now attain a standard which proves that their digestate is safe to spread on land after WRAP published its long-awaited British Safety Standard for digestate.

Operators that meet the standard and gain certification can say the digestate they produce meets a minimum standard and is safe for use as a fertiliser or soil improver.

It is hoped that the safety standard, along with the Quality Protocol will remove barriers to increasing anaerobic digestion in England, Scotland and Wales by helping to boost markets for digestate.

Producers that sign up to the PAS 110 will be expected to ensure that digested materials are made using suitable inputs and effectively processed by anaerobic digestion (AD) for sufficient time; and to ensure that the process has been well managed and monitored so as to produce digested material that meets market needs and protects the environment. Any producer who claims digested material conforms to PAS 110 must ensure that it is fit for purpose at all times.

Nina Sweet, organics technical specialist at WRAP, who helped to develop the PAS 110, said: "The introduction of BSI PAS 110 is a fundamental step in helping to develop sustainable markets for biofertilisers. Making it easier for farmers to use biofertiliser will increase demand within the agricultural community for fertilising and soil conditioning products derived from waste material. This will reduce reliance on chemical fertilisers which has obvious environmental and economic benefits for the agricultural industry."

AD operators have welcomed the scheme; Jake Prior, operations director at Devon-based Andigestion which supplies 40 farms with digestate, commented that the PAS 110 will "provide important validation for farmers that biofertiliser is a safe, effective and environmentally friendly product".

He said the PAS 110 would save AD operators money because it would reduce the need to apply for waste exemptions on behalf of the agricultural sector which cost up to £500 each.

The document will be made available on the WRAP Composting pages soon:


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15. WALES targets landfill bans with new powers
The Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) has outlined proposals to introduce landfill bans for materials such as wood, metal, glass, plastic and food waste under legislative moves to help reach its Toward Zero Waste targets.

The exact nature of any proposed ban or restriction will be informed by the outcomes of a joint consultation between between Wales, Defra and the other devolved administrations, into the benefits and practicalities of banning or restricting particular wastes from landfill, which is expected to be launched in March.

The WAG proposals form part of a Measure, covering four waste issues, laid before the National Assembly on February 22 by Welsh environment minister Jane Davidson.

Included in the Measure laid before the National Assembly are also proposals to grant the WAG powers to set statutory municipal waste recycling and composting targets for local authorities, and the power to fine councils which fail to achieve these goals.

This proposal would give the WAG the ability to enforce goals set-out in its draft 'Towards Zero Waste' strategy for Wales, such as a 70% municipal waste recycling and composting target for 2025.

Ms Davidson said: "If successful the Waste Measure will enable us to achieve the ambitions set out in our strategy 'Towards Zero Waste' - that is becoming a high recycling country by 2025 and a zero waste country by 2050."

The fourth element of the Measure is a proposal to introduce fees and a charging scheme for Site Waste Management Plans with regards to the construction and demolition sector in Wales.

The National Assembly will now scrutinise the Measure and is expected to report on it by June 25, with a vote of the full plenary of the Assembly due after the summer recess.


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16. IRELAND: ESRI to re-examine waste management report
The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) is re-examining its report endorsing Dublin City Council's controversial plan for a municipal waste incinerator on the Poolbeg peninsula after admitting that it contains a number of errors.

On February 8, The Irish Times reported that Prof Richard Tol, senior environmental specialist with the institute, denied that the report, An Economic Approach to Municipal Waste Management Policy in Ireland, was being "withdrawn" - as claimed in a newspaper on February 7. When the report was published at the beginning of February, Prof Tol said the ESRI had been made aware of a number of errors in it.

For the full story, visit The Irish Times

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17. SWEDEN: Biogas Climate Benefit Greater Than Previously Thought?
Biogas from refuse produces 95 percent less greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline, according to a new research report. With a few simple improvements to the biogas plants, the figure can rise to 120 percent -- i.e. biogas becomes more than climate neutral. This can be compared with the standard figures used today, which indicate that biogas produces 80 percent lower emissions than gasoline.

A research group at the Lund University has calculated the figures on behalf of the Swedish Energy Agency after having analysed a biogas plant in Skåne. The case study will make it easier to study and optimise other biogas facilities. In Sweden there are some 20 similar plants, producing biogas for use in cars and other vehicles. As much vehicle gas is produced by sewage treatment works that produce biogas from sewage sludge.

"The plant we have studied is fairly representative of an average biogas plant that processes waste and manure. In our study we have calculated emissions for the entire production chain and included both direct and indirect emissions. What is particular to our study is that we have included indirect factors that have not previously been taken into account, for example how the ground is affected when mineral fertiliser is replaced with bio-fertiliser. In addition, methane leaching from the plant is measured and not based on standard data that is often otherwise used in this kind of analysis," points out Mikael Lantz, doctoral student in Environmental and Energy Systems Studies at Lund University.

The researchers also observed that the biogas releases 16 gram/kWh biogas of the greenhouse gases methane, laughing gas and carbon dioxide. These emissions are around 95 percent lower than from gasoline and significantly better than the standard values used today.

In order to make the biogas even more climate-friendly, the researchers propose that the plants should be heated using wood chips, which could also be cheaper for the biogas producer.

Source: ScienceDaily
Expertanswer . "Biogas Climate Benefit Greater Than Previously Thought?." ScienceDaily 23 February 2010. 24 February 2010

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18. ISWA 2010 Congress - Hamburg, Germany
ISWA 2010

From the 15th until the 18th November 2010 the City of Hamburg will host the ISWA World Congress 2010 on Urban Development and Sustainability.

It is a unique opportunity to participate in an international forum at which the different aspects of a sustainable development in our urbanized world shall be presented and discussed by outstanding experts in the different fields of Research and Practice. In several parallel sessions the participants will have the opportunity to hear about the latest developments not only in waste management, but on all aspects related to urban development. From technical innovations in the handling and treatment of different fractions of waste to urban mining, the social aspects of waste generation and the impact of the different aspects of waste on a sustainable development in the cities. There will be the opportunity to visit different waste treatment plants (from sorting facilities to energy production) located in or near Hamburg.

The City of Hamburg is the 2nd largest city in Germany (ca. 1.8 million Inhabitants) and is known as Germany's Gateway to the World. It is famous as the location of Germany's largest port and its many cultural highlights which I can only mention here, but not describe in detail! The Congress will take place in the Congress Center, situated in the center of the City in walking distance to the Town Hall and many hotels.

For more information visit
Click here to view a preliminary program
Early-bird registration closes 30 June 2010.

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19. Overview ISWA Meetings 2010
14 April
14 April
ISWA Working Group on Biological Treatment of Waste meeting
22 April
23 April
ISWA Working Group on Healthcare Waste Meeting
22 April
24 April
ISWA Working Group on Collection and Transport Technology meeting
The Netherlands
24 April
25 April
ISWA Board Meeting
Daegu City
South Korea
21 May
21 May
ISWA Working Group on Recycling and Waste Minimisation Meeting
22 May
22 May
ISWA STC meeting
17 June
18 June
ISWA Working Group on Landfill meeting
United Kingdom
17 Sept
17 Sept
ISWA Board Meeting
17 Sept
17 Sept
ISWA STC meeting
18 Sept
18 Sept
ISWA Board Meeting
23 Sept
24 Sept
ISWA Working Group on Collection and Transport Technology meeting
7 Oct
8 Oct
ISWA Working Group on Energy Recovery meeting
14 Nov
14 Nov
ISWA General Assembly 2010
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20. Coming Events Calendar
ISWA Event - ISWA Events
ISWA Member Event - ISWA Member Events
March 2010

24 – 26 March 2010
Globe 2010
Biennial Trade Fair & Conference on Business & the EnvironmentVancouver, Canada

April 2010
ISWA Event 15 - 16 April 2009
ISWA Beacon Conference on Biological Treatment of Waste
Perugia, Italy

ISWA Member Event 22 - 25 April
GreenTech Asia 2010
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

May 2010
ISWA Member Event 4 - 6 May 2010
Waste 2010 - Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Conference
Coffs Harbour, Australia

18 – 20 May 2010
Middle East Waste Summit
Dubai, United Arab Emirates

ISWA Event 20 - 21 May 2010
ISWA Beacon Conference on Prevention, Reduction and Recycling
Leeuwarden, The Netherlands

ISWA Event 31 May - 1 June 2010
ISWA Beacon Conference on Engineered Landfills
Buenos Aires, Argentina

June 2010

ISWA Event 28 – 30 June 2010
World Cities Summit 2010

Liveable & Sustainable Cities for the Future

ISWA Member Event 15 - 17 June 2010
ExCel, London

June 2010 continued
ISWA Event 29 June - 3 July 2010
Organic Resources in Carbon Economy
Crete, Greece
July 2010
ISWA Member Event 21 – 23 July
Enviro 2010 Conference & Exhibition
Solutions for Sustainable Future
Melbourne, Australia
September 2010

ISWA Member Event 2 – 3 September 2010
Australasian Industrial Ecology Conference
Sydney, Australia

ISWA Member Event 13 - 17 September 2010
Waste & Recycle Conference
Perth, Australia

October 2010
ISWA Member Event 13 – 15 October 2010
WasteMINZ Annual Congress

New Zealand

ISWA Member Event 27 - 29 October 2010
Watch your 'Waste' Line Conference
Adelaide, Australia

November 2010
ISWA Event 15 – 18 November 2010
ISWA 2010 Annual Congress

Hamburg, Germany
December 2010
ISWA Event 4 - 9 December 2010
ARCPE/ISWA International Conference: Sustainable Solid Waste Management
October 2011
ISWA Event 17 October 2011
ISWA 2011 Annual Congress
Daegu, Republic of Korea
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Telephone: +43 1 253 6001 • Fax: +43 1 253 600 199 • Email:
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